In SharePoint Server 2010, the State Service is a shared service that is used by some components to store temporary data across related HTTP requests in a SQL Server database. The State Service is required by InfoPath Forms Services (including out of the box and custom workflow forms), the SharePoint Server 2010 Chart Web Part, and certain Microsoft Visio 2010 scenarios that do not use Microsoft Silverlight 3.
After you install SharePoint Server 2010 you may see the following warning in the Health Analyzer Reports.
InfoPath Forms Services forms cannot be filled out in a Web browser because no State Service connection is configured.
If you have configured a workflow form, you may see the following error.
The form cannot be rendered. This may be due to a misconfiguration of the Microsoft SharePoint Server State Service. For more information, contact your server administrator.
Configure the State Service. The State Service is automatically configured as part of the Basic installation of SharePoint Server 2010. However, the Advanced installation of SharePoint Server 2010 requires separate configuration of the State Service. You can use one of the following two methods to configure the service.
The default configuration for the State Service is sufficient for most configurations and you only need additional configuration if your server farm has a very large number of InfoPath active state sessions for forms or charts, or you may need additional configuration in hosted environments.
The default configuration includes the following.
As I mentioned earlier, I prefer using the PowerShell to configure the State Service. By the way, you can also use PowerShell to perform configuration tasks that are not available on the Central Administration site of the farm.
Use PowerShell to Configure the State Service
Here are the steps to configure the service using PowerShell.
More information on this topic is available on Microsoft TechNet here.
Copyright © 2013 Zubair Alexander. All rights reserved.
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