There is a free Wake-On-LAN GUI tool available that you can use to wake a remote computer up by either using it’s IP address or it’s Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN). You can use the Wake-On-LAN feature to start a computer either on the LAN or through the Internet.
You can download the tool here.
Microsoft’s Active Directory relies on Domain Name System (DNS) so it’s important to have a good understanding of DNS concepts and terms. Here’s a glossary of DNS terminology in alphabetical order.
You can also download a PDF version of this glossary here.
An Alias resource record is also sometimes called CNAME (canonical name) resource record. With these records, you can use more than one name to point to a single host, which makes it easy to do such things as host both a File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server and a Web server on the same computer. The most common or popular use of an alias (CNAME) resource record is to provide a permanent DNS aliased domain name for generic name resolution of a service-based name, such as www.tailspintoys.com, to more than one computer or one IP address on a Web server.
|Authoritative DNS Server
A DNS server is considered authoritative for a name if it loads the zone authoritative for that name.
|Authoritative DNS Zone
A DNS zone is considered authoritative for a name if the name belongs to the DNS sub-tree, delegated to that zone.
Type of zone file replication. AXFR replicates the entire zone. (See also IXFR.)
|DNS Dynamic Update
An update to the DNS standard that permits DNS clients to dynamically register and update their resource records in the zones of the primary server.
A server that maintains a database of mappings of FQDNs to various types of data, such as IP addresses.
Any branch of the DNS namespace.
|Domain Name System (DNS)
A hierarchical, distributed database that contains mappings of DNS domain names to various types of data, such as IP addresses. DNS enables the location of computers and services by user-friendly names and the discovery of other information stored in the database.
A DNS query that maps an FQDN to an IP address.
A DNS server designated by other internal DNS servers to be used to forward queries for resolving external or offsite DNS domain names, such as those used on the Internet.
|FQDN (fully qualified domain name)
A DNS name that has been stated to indicate its absolute location in the domain namespace tree. An FQDN has a trailing period (.) to qualify its position relative to the root of the namespace. An example is host.example.microsoft.com.
|Host (A) Record
A host (also known as “A”) resource record in a zone is used to associate DNS domain names of computers (or hosts) to their IP addresses.
The DNS name of a host or interface on a network. For one computer to find another, the name of the computer to locate must either appear in the Hosts file on the computer that is looking, or the name must be known by a DNS server. For most Windows-based computers, the host name and the computer name are the same.
|Host Name Resolution
The process of resolving a host name to a destination IP address.
A local text file in the same format as the 4.3 BSD release of UNIX /etc/hosts file. This file maps host names to IP addresses, and it is stored in the systemroot\System32\Drivers\Etc folder.
A query made to a DNS server for the best answer the server can provide.
Type of zone file replication. IXFR, incremental zone transfer, replicates only the changed records of the zone file.
|MX (Mail Exchanger) Record
E-mail applications use the mail exchanger (MX) resource record to locate a mail server based on a DNS domain name in the destination address for the e-mail recipient of a message. The mail exchanger (MX) resource record shows the DNS domain name for the computer or computers that process mail for a domain.
|Master and Slave DNS Servers
Two DNS servers are called Master and Slave if they contain the copies of the same zone, one of which is directly replicated from another. The source of replication is called Master server, the destination of replication is called Slave server. Every Master may have one or more Slaves and vice versa, every Slave may have one or more Masters. The same DNS server may be the Master and Slave at the same time.
A DNS server that is authoritative for a zone and that is also a source of zone information for other secondary servers. A master server can be either a primary or secondary master server, depending on how the server obtains its zone data.
|Pointer (PTR) Record
A pointer (PTR) resource record supports the reverse lookup process, based on zones that are created and rooted in the in-addr.arpa domain. These records locate a computer by its IP address and resolve this information to the DNS domain name for that computer.
|Primary and Secondary Zones
The same zone may be represented by primary and secondary copies. The primary is the zone/copy that allows direct updates of its resource records. The secondary is the one that receives all the updates from primaries or secondary zones through the zone transfer mechanism only. Only the DS integrated zones may have multiple primaries. Multiple secondaries are allowed in either scenario.
A DNS server that is authoritative for a zone and that can be used as a point of update for the zone. Only primary servers can be updated directly to process zone updates, which include adding, removing, or modifying resource records that are stored as zone data.
A query made to a DNS server in which the requester asks the server to assume the full workload and responsibility for providing a complete answer to the query. The DNS server will then use separate iterative queries to other DNS servers on behalf of the requester to assist in completing an answer for the recursive query.
Atomic unit of the DNS database. All resource records have the same format that includes NAME, TYPE, CLASS, TTL, RDLENGTH and RDATA that depends on TYPE and CLASS of the resource record. A set of resource records builds up a DNS zone.
A DNS query that maps an IP address to an FQDN.
The beginning of the DNS namespace.
DNS server that contains a root zone is called a root server.
A zone that contains the DNS root domain is called the root zone.
A DNS server that is authoritative for a zone and that obtains its zone information from a master server.
A DNS domain name that is rooted hierarchically at the second tier of the domain namespace, directly beneath the top-level domain names. Top-level domain names include .com and .org. When DNS is used on the Internet, second-level domains are names that are registered and delegated to individual organizations and businesses.
|Service location (SRV) Record
Service location (SRV) resource records are required for location of Active Directory domain controllers. Typically, you can avoid manual administration of service location (SRV) resource records when you install Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS). In the future, the service location (SRV) resource record may also be used to register and look up other well-known TCP/IP services on your network if applications implement and support DNS name queries that specify this record type.
|Start of Authority (SOA) Record
A start of authority (SOA) record specifies the following values for a zone: a primary server, zone administrator’s e-mail address, secondary zone expiration values, and minimum default TTL values for zone resource records.
A DNS domain located directly beneath another domain (the parent domain) in the namespace tree. For example, example.microsoft.com would be a subdomain of the domain microsoft.com.
Domain names that are rooted hierarchically at the first tier of the domain namespace directly beneath the root (.) of the DNS namespace. On the Internet, top-level domain names such as .com and .org are used to classify and assign second-level domain names (such as microsoft.com) to individual organizations and businesses according to their organizational purpose.
TTL is duration of time when a specific resource record could be cached.
Also known as Unicode is a character encoding protocol.
A character encoding protocol specified in RFC 2044.
|WINS (Windows Internet Name System)
WINS is the pre-DNS name system. It is still supported in the Windows 2000 and later servers in order to maintain interoperability between the different generations of Windows computers.
A manageable unit of the DNS database that is administered by a DNS server. A zone stores the domain names and data of the domain with a corresponding name, except for domain names stored in delegated subdomains.
The synchronization of authoritative DNS data between DNS servers. A DNS server configured with a secondary zone periodically queries its master server to synchronize its zone data.
My students are always asking me where to get the evaluation copies of various Microsoft products. I’ve put together a list of some of the latest software evaluation downloads. My goal is to try and keep this list updated but frankly it is going to be challenging because Microsoft is known for changing the URLs without any redirection. Here is a list of either free or trial editions of some of the popular Microsoft products. A typical Microsoft evaluation software includes a 180-day trial but some are limited to 60 or 90 days.
WARNING! I should warn you that sometimes when you download a trial software you may think that you are opting out of receiving phone calls and e-mails from Microsoft but you are not. For more information read my blog post: When Microsoft Says No, It May Mean Yes.
Microsoft offers more free products to consumers than any software manufacturer I know. And I am not talking about free evaluation software, I am talking about free tools, utilities and various products and services. Besides software, Microsoft offers these free TechNet and MSDN labs. These are a series of guided, hands-on labs which can be completed in 90 minutes or less. SharePoint Foundation 2010, which I included in the above list for convenience, is a free product from Microsoft. In the past, it was known as Windows SharePoint Services (WSS).
Updated: May 27, 2011
Last Updated: December 12, 2012
Here are top 10 reasons from Windows Home Server Team Blog for using Windows Home Server.
1. Image-based backup
Rest easy and know that your irreplaceable videos and pictures are always safe since Windows Home Server automatically backs up your entire computer on a daily basis.
If catastrophe strikes, Windows Home Server has simple and fast data recovery with a restore feature for single files or entire hard drives that have failed.
Windows Home Server will monitor the health status of your home network and immediately alert you if there is a problem.
Windows Home Server stores your digital memories in a central location so you can access what you want from any computer on the network and save time by having all your things in one place.
With Windows Home Server, storage space grows as your needs grow. You are able to add internal or external hard drives of any size so that you can have an unlimited amount of storage space for HD movies, or your home videos.
6. User accounts
Windows Home Server allows you to create up to 10 user accounts. To increase protection, you can change the Shared Folders that users have access to, and enable remote access for each user.
When you are out of your home or office, Windows Home Server has remote access capabilities that make it possible for you to view, find files, and even use applications.
8. Stream media
Windows Home Server enables you to view, listen, and watch your videos, movies, and picture slideshows through playback devices such as Xbox 360.
9. Fully Expandable
Windows Home Server add-in programs can enhance and extend your home server’s capabilities. There are already over 100 add-ins available for download.
10. Easy to use
An uncomplicated, self-explanatory installation process for Window Home Server will have you up and running with minimum time and effort.
Copyright © 2013 Zubair Alexander. All rights reserved.
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